Mk-15 Barrack Buster Mortar

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The National Pledge – Éire

Supporters of the Irish Republican Army

Barrack Buster

Mk-15 Barrack Buster Feb 2010.

IRA’s Barrack Buster Mortar

Type Improvised Mortar

Place of origin – Northern Ireland

Service history

Used by Provisional IRA Duiring The Troubles

Production history

Designed 1992

Manufacturer home-made

Specifications

Shell HE 196–220 pounds (80–100 kg)

Caliber 320mm (12.75in)

Maximum range 275 yards (250 m)

Filling semtex

Detonation

mechanism Impact

Barrack buster is the colloquial name given to several improvised mortars, developed in the 1990s by the engineering group of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA).

The first barrack buster – known to the British security forces as the Mark 15 mortar – consisted of a one metre long metal propane cylinder with a diameter of 36 cm that contained around 70 kg of home-made explosives and with a range between 75 and 275 m. The cylinder is an adaptation of a commercial ‘Kosangas’ gas cylinder for heating and cooking gas used in rural areas in Ireland.

It was first used in an attack on 7 December 1992 against a security base in Ballygawley, County Tyrone, in Northern Ireland, injuring a number of RUC officers. The projectile was deflected by the branches of a tree, which prevented further damage.

Provisional IRA’s improvised mortars

The barrack buster belongs to a series of home-made mortars developed since the 1970s. The first such mortar—Mark 1—was used in an attack in May 1972 and it was soon followed by the first of a series of improved or differentiated versions stretching into the 1990s:

Mark 1 (1972): consisted of a 50 mm copper pipe filled with 10 ounces (0.26 kg) of plastic explosives. Propelled and detonated by two commercial low-caliber cartridges[which?].

Mark 2 (1972–73): an 8 in length 57 mm steel pipe filled with two pounds (0.9 kg) of explosive and detonated by a 12 gauge shotgun cartridge. This weapon resulted in the first fatality due to PIRA mortars when a British soldier was killed trying to defuse a misfired projectile launched on Fort Monagh barracks at Turf Lodge, Belfast, on 10 December 1972.

Mark 3 (1973–74): a 60 mm mortar barrel with a static firing pin on the plate and a range of 260 yards (237 m). Propelled by a dried mixture of rags and sodium chlorate and detonated by a charge of ammonium nitrate. Used in attacks on Creggan Camp, Derry and Lisanelly barracks, Omagh, in 1973. During an attack on a police station a misfired mortar killed two IRA men operating the mortar.

Mark 4 (1974): Basically a Mark 3 with a larger charge of propellant which extended its range to 400 yards (365 m). The bomb was filled with 1 pound (0.45 kg) of ammonium nitrate and aluminium powder. Used only in one known attack on a base in Strabane, County Tyrone, on 22 February 1974.

Mark 5 (1974): Never used in any known attack, the security forces learned of it after the discovery of an IRA workshop at Cushendall, Antrim, in 1974.

Mark 6 (1974–94): A 60 mm conventional mortar with a bipod and base plate and a range of 1,200 yards (1,097 m). The shell was propelled by a charge of homemade gunpowder, ignited by a .22 cartridge. The warhead, made of 3 pounds of Semtex, was detonated by another .22 cartridge on impact. The bomb armed itself “by means of a wind-driven propeller, which is an integral part of the striker”. A Mark 6 grenade was thrown by hand on the roof of an armored vehicle from the top of Divis Flats, Belfast, causing widespread damage and some casualties. It was used in March 1994 in three attacks on Heathrow airport in Britain. It is not known to have been used after these actions.

Mark 7 (1976): Longer version of Mark 6.

Mark 8 (1976): Longer version of Mark 6.

Mark 9 (1976–?)

Mark 10 (1979–94): A large caliber mortar containing 44–220 pounds (20–100 kg) explosives. Its first use on 19 March 1979 caused the first deliberate victim—a British soldier—from an IRA mortar attack in Newtownhamilton, South Armagh. It was primarily designed for use against police stations and military bases, and was used in the 1985 Newry mortar attack which killed nine Police Officers. It was used in several attacks using configurations with multiple launching tubes, “often launched from the back of Transit type vans”. Three such mortars using a mixture of ammonium nitrate and nitrobenzene—known as “Annie”—as warhead were used on 7 February 1991 in an IRA attack on 10 Downing Street in London against British Prime Minister John Major and his War Cabinet during the first Gulf War.

It was superseded by the larger Mark 15.

Mark 11 (1982–?) : Used for the first time on 13 May 1989 against a British Army observation post in Glassdrumman, South Armagh. The mortar had a range of 550 yards (519 m).

Mark 12 (1985–?): Fired horizontally against armoured vehicles as well as RUC/Army bases. Also referred to as Improvised Projected Grenade. With a warhead made of 40 ounces (1.1 kg) of Semtex and TNT. Used successfully in 1991 and 1992.

Mark 13 (1990–?): A spigot mortar, usually lobbed to the intended target from the back of a heavy vehicle.

Mark 14 (1992–?)

Mark 15 (1992–?): First mortar known as “barrack buster”. It is the “standard IRA large calibre [mortar] system” and described as having “the effect of a ‘flying car bomb'”. It has a calibre of 320 mm and loads with 196–220 pounds (80–100 kg) explosives and a maximum range of 275 yards (250 m). It has also been used in configurations with multiple launch tubes with an attack using 12 tubes against a British military base in Kilkeel, County Down, on 9 October 1993 as being the “record”.Two British helicopters, one Lynx from the Army and an RAF Puma, were brought down by this type of mortar between March and July 1994 in South Armagh. Author Toby Harnden describes the 1994 shooting down of the Lynx as the most successful attack on a helicopter by the IRA during the Troubles. The barrel was usually attached to a hydraulic hoist towed by a tractor to the launching site.

Mark 16 (1991–?): A shoulder fired weapon for use against armoured vehicles. Used successfully in eleven attacks [15] from late 1993 to early 1994. Also described as Projected Recoilless Improvised Grenade. The projectile consisted of a shaped charge with armour piercing capabilities, made of a tin can of 1 pound (0.45 kg) filled with 600 grammes of Semtex.

Strategic impact

The intensification of the IRA’s mortar campaign in the late 1980s forced the British government to increase the number of army troops in Northern Ireland from its lowest ebb of 9,000 in 1985 to 10,500 by 1992. The IRA’s use of mortars combined with heavy machine guns compelled the British Army to build their main checkpoints more than a mile away from the border by 1992.

Supporters of the Irish Republican Army

These are Homemade Devices, A Little Know How and Bobs Yer Uncle, Easily Made, Like Many of the Weapons of that Era, Even Semtex and Fertilizer Explosives Can Be Made.

Supporters of the Irish Republican Army

Its on Google Josephine, A Great Little book if You can Aquire it is the CIA`s Book of Dirty Tricks or the Anarchist Cookbook also known here as the Jolly Roger, Both have too many Improvised Devices to mention ranging from mortars to Semtex to mines and even napalm, it has everything to a tee, but be careful as many experienced people have blown a hand off or worse, its not kids stuff. Parental Guidance is a must lol.

video of the mortar above being made and fired. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fif3po-MTqE

Provisional IRA MK-15 Barrack Buster

youtube.com

Author: seachranaidhe1

About Me I studied for six months training and became certified in Exam 070-271 in May 2010 and shortly after that became certifed in Exam 070-272. I scored highly in both Exams and hope to upgrade my path to M.C.S.A. ( Server Administrator ) in the near future.I also hold Level 2 Qualifications in three subjects Microsoft Word, Microsoft Powerpoint and Microsoft Spreedsheets. I have also expereance with Web Design using Microsoft Front-Page.

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