Óglaigh Na HÉireann
Poblacht na h Éireann.
The Provisional Government
To the people of Ireland.
IRISHMEN AND IRISHWOMEN: In the name of God and of the dead generations from which she receives her old tradition of nationhood, Ireland, through us, summons her children to her flag and strikes for her freedom.
Having organised and trained her manhood through her secret revolutionary organisation, the Irish Republican Brotherhood, and through her open military organisations, the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army, having patiently perfected her discipline, having resolutely waited for the right moment to reveal itself, she now seizes that moment, and, supported by her exiled children in America and by gallant allies in Europe, but relying in the first on her own strength, she strikes in full confidence of victory.
We declare the right of the people of Ireland to the ownership of Ireland, and to the unfettered control of Irish destinies, to be sovereign and indefeasible. The long usurpation of that right by a foreign people and government has not extinguished the right, nor can it ever be extinguished except by the destruction of the Irish people. In every generation the Irish people have asserted their right to national freedom and sovereignty: six times during the past three hundred years they have asserted it in arms. Standing on that fundamental right and again asserting it in arms in the face of the world, we hereby proclaim the Irish Republic as a Sovereign Independent State, and we pledge our lives and the lives of our comrades-in-arms to the cause of its freedom, of its welfare, and its exaltation among the nations.
The Irish Republic is entitled to, and hereby claims, the allegiance of every Irishman and Irishwoman. The Republic guarantees religious and civil liberty, equal rights and equal opportunities to all its citizens, and declares its resolve to pursue the happiness and prosperity of the whole nation and of all its parts, cherishing all the children of the nation equally, and oblivious of the differences carefully fostered by an alien government, which have divided a minority from the majority in the past.
Until our arms have brought the opportune moment for the establishment of a permanent National Government, representative of the whole people of Ireland and elected by the suffrages of all her men and women, the Provisional Government, hereby constituted, will administer the civil and military affairs of the Republic in trust for the people.
We place the cause of the Irish Republic under the protection of the Most High God, Whose blessing we invoke upon our arms, and we pray that no one who serves that cause will dishonour it by cowardice, inhumanity, or rapine. In this supreme hour the Irish nation must, by its valour and discipline and by the readiness of its children to sacrifice themselves for the common good, prove itself worthy of the august destiny to which it is called…
Signed on Behalf of the Provisional Government.
Thomas J. Clarke
Seán Mac Diarmada – Thomas MacDonagh
Pádraig H. Pearse – Éamonn Ceannt
1916 EASTER RISING TIMELINE…
Easter Sunday – 23rd April 1916…
Macneills countermand appeared that morning in the sunday independent. The Military Council met in Liberty Hall to discuss the implications of the countermand. They decided to go ahead with the Rising but to postpone it till the following day, Easter Monday, that gave them enough time to send couriers throughout the land to inform the Irish Volunteers that indeed the Rising was still taking place. On Sunday the Proclamation was printed in Liberty Hall witch was there for the use of the ITGWU. As there was not enough type of the required size to set the entire document, the type setting and the printing was done in two stages witch partly accounts for the different densities of ink on the upper and lower half of the Proclamation.
Easter Monday – 24th April 1916…
Most of those who took part in the Rising assembled at Liberty hall before proceeding from there to their allotted positions around the city, most of witch were occupied by the afternoon. Following the occupation of the GPO Pearse proclaimed the establishment of the Irish republic. As Commandant General of the Dublin Brigade of the Army of the Irish republic, in theory James Connolly directed the military operations of all the positions held in the name of the Irish Republic, in practice, however due to his inability to provide worthwile armaments or reinforcements, the Commandants of the outlying positions generally had to rely on their own devices. In the course of Monday afternoon and evening the british organised a hurried response and engaged most of the positions occupied by the Volunteers. City Hall came under intense attack and the officer in charge Captain Séan Connolly was shot dead. The few remaining members of the garrison surrendered later that night. Commandant Ceant`s position at the South Dublin Union also came under intense pressure but the garrison repulsed the attacks. An outpost set up by Commandant Mallin in J & T Davies ( now Portabello ) public house at the junction of South Richmond Street and Charlemont Street had to be abandoned within a matter of hours in the face of intense fire.
Easter Tuesday – 25th April 1916…
General W.H.M. Lowe was given command of operations in Dublin. Army reinforcements from Belfast, the Curragh, Templemore and Athlone enabled the british to begin the cordoning off of the positions held by the Volunteers. Machine gun fire from the Shelbourne Hotel forced Commandant Mallin to evacuate most of Saint Stephens Green and concentrate his forces in the Royal College of Surgeons. Looting became widespread in the City Centre. That evening the Viceroy, Lord Wimborne proclaimed martial law throughout Dublin City and County.
Easter wednesday – 26th April 1916…
Commandant Ned Daly`s Men in the area of the Four Courts burned the Lenenhall Barracks. At noon Commandant Séan Houston and the Garrison at the Mendicity institution were forced to surrender. The military cordon seperating the Volunteers to the North and South of the river Liffey were extended and strengthened as reinforcements became available. The british gunboat Helga on the Liffey and field guns to the south of the Liffey commenced shelling Liberty Hall and the area around the GPO. army reinforcements from england arrived at kingstown ( now Dun Laoghaire ) but wer held up at Mount Street Bridge ( an outpost of Commandant Eamon de Valera`s position at Bolands Bakery ) on their way into Dublin. The british suffered heavy losses before the few surviving Volunteers were forced to withdraw. General Maxwell was appointed to take command of the forces in Ireland. In the inner City there were great scarcity of essential foodstuffs such as bread and milk.
Easter Thursday – 27th April 1916…
Chief Secretary Birrell arrived in Dublin but had little function as the military were now in control. Artillery pounded the east side of Sackville Street setting Clearys and other buildings on fire. The Helga shelled Commandant de Vallera`s position at Bolands Bakery but its fire was mainly directed at the empty distillery. The british launched a major assault on Commandant Ceannt`s position at the South Dublin Union, while they captured and held some buildings within the Union complex, the engagement resulted in stalemate. While directing operations in Middle Abbey Street, James Connolly was seriously injured in the ankle but continued to direct military opperations. As the military cordon now effectively seperated the remaining Volunteers to the north and South of the river Liffey, Connolly`s lines of communication with most of the outlying positions were severed and there was no longer any form of centralised command structure.
Easter Friday – 28th april 1916…
General Maxwell arrived in Dublin early that morning. Also that morning Pearse issued a statement admitting that the Rising was almost over, but claiming that the Volunteers would win the fight “Aldough they might win it in death”. At Ashbourne, Co. Meath, Commandant Thomas Ashe and the 5th Dublin Bittalion had the greatest success of the Rising when they forced a large contingent of police to surrender. by evening the GPO was on fire, the garrison eveauated to houses in the Moore Street area. The O`Rahilly was mortally wounded while leading a charge to clear the way for the evacuation. That night there was intense fighting in the North King Street area held by Commandant Ned daly`s Men.
Easter Saturday – 29th April 1916…
On Saturday morning the five members of the Provisional Government, who had evacuated from the GPO the previous evening, decided to negotiate a surrender to prevent further loss of life. nurse elizabeth O`Farrell delivered a message from Pearse to the british General who would agree only to unconditional surrender. That afternoon Pearse surrendered unconditionally to general Lowe. connolly, Clarke, macdiarmada and Plunkett and their forces in the Sackville Street area surrendered later that day and were held in the grounds of the Rotunda hospital overnight. Commandant Daly and most of the Men in the Four Courts area also surrendered late on Saturday Evening.
Easter Sunday – 30th April 1916…
News of the surrender was conveyed that still held out, mainly the south Dublin Union, jacobs biscuit factory, the royal College of Surgeons and Bolands bakery, all of witch surrendered reluctantly. The police and military now turned their attention to rounding up those susespected of being directly or indirectly involved in the Rising. A total of approximately 3.500 were arrested throughout the county, of whom about 2.000 were interned.
The Rest is History…
The Struggle for Irelands Freedom Continues, I Sum Up With Some of Our Past Martyrs Speeches That Could`v Been Written With Todays Generation In Mind…
“Our freedom must be had at all hazards. If the men of property will not help us they must fall; We will free ourselves by the aid of that large and respectable class of the community – the men of no property.” – Theobald Wolfe Tone.
“As long as Ireland is unfree the only honourable attitude for Irish men and women to have is an attitude of rebellion.” – Pádraig Pearse.
“The ownership of Ireland, moral and material, is vested of right in the people of Ireland and to “sink all difference of birth property and creed under the common name of Irish people.”
“An Ireland Unfree shall never be at peace…An Ireland not merely free but Gaelic aswell.”
“If you don’t stand for something you will fall for anything.”
“As well might you leave the fairies to plough your land or the idle winds to sow it, as sit down and wait for freedom.” – Thomas Davis.
“Abject tears, and prayers submissive – Have they eyes, and cannot see? Never a country gained her freedom when she sued on bended knee.”
“Yes, ruling by fooling, is a great British art with great Irish fools to practice on.” – James Connolly From The Irish Worker – September 1914.
“You may kill the revolutionary but never the revolution.”
“A TRUE PEACE will come when Ireland is ONE.”
1916 Executions at Kilmainham Prison, Dublin.
13 of the Leaders of 1916 were executed at the spot marked by the Black Cross in the Stonebreakers’ Yard. May they Rest in Peace for the ultimate sacrifice which they made.
Patrick Pearse, Irish Republican Brotherhood, Irish Volunteers, May 3rd 1916, RIP.
Thomas Clarke, Irish Republican Brotherhood, Irish Volunteers, May 3rd 1916, RIP
Thomas MacDonagh, Irish Republican Brotherhood, Irish Volunteers, May 3rd 1916, RIP.
Joseph Plunkett, Irish Republican Brotherhood, Irish Volunteers, May 4th 1916, RIP.
Edward Daly Irish Republican Brotherhood, Irish Volunteers, May 4th 1916, RIP.
Michael O’Hanrahan Irish Volunteers, Irish Transvaal Brigade, May 4th 1916, RIP.
William Pearse, Irish Volunteers, May 4th 1916, RIP.
John MacBride, Irish Republican Brotherhood, Irish Volunteers, Irish Transvaal Brigade, May 5th 1916, RIP.
Con Colbert, Irish Republican Brotherhood, Irish Volunteers, May 8th 1916, RIP.
Eamonn Ceannt, Irish Republican Brotherhood, Irish Volunteers, May 8th 1916, RIP.
Michael Mallin, 2 I/C Irish Citizen Army, May 8th 1916, RIP.
Seán Heuston, Irish Volunteers, May 8th 1916, RIP.
Seán Mac Diarmada, Irish Republican Brotherhood, Irish Volunteers, May 12th 1916, RIP.
James Connolly, Commander, Irish Citizen Army, was executed at the other end of the Stonebreakers’ Yard he could not walk due to a shattered ankle from a bullet during the Rising. He was tied to a chair and shot by firing squad. May 12th 1916, RIP.
Thomas Kent, Irish Volunteers, was executed by firing squad in Cork on May 9th 1916, RIP.
Roger Casement was hanged at Pentonville Prison London August 3rd 1916, RIP.
- Liam (William Joseph) Mellows ( 25 May 1895 – 8 December 1922 ) (seachranaidhe1.wordpress.com)
- The Easter Rising (smchisty.wordpress.com)
- Irsp Easter Statement 2013 (thefivedemands.org)
- Today in History ~ April 24 (todayincalgaryhistory.wordpress.com)
Cumann Sean MacEachaidh
The Michael Campbell Campaign. Michael’s appeal began today (15th May)
This campaign needs to escalate. Cohesion exists.
Internationally a lot of work is being done. A lot of lobbying of government agencies has been done over the past year, hundreds of letters, thousands it is not enough our international comrades are doing the bulk of the work.
At home the Newry/South Armagh Prisoners group are leading the way, at Easter a hugely successful function was held. Last week a full page article in the Newry paper was published. Posters of the same were printed and are being distributed and boards highlighting the campaign are being erected.
These efforts haven’t come cheap so we are all going to come together now and help each other out.
We have provided Crafts made by Republican Prisoners for people wishing to pursue independent causes; we are prepared to do the same for anyone who would like, or thinks they would like to run a raffle or organise something for Michael.
Michael has a strong and supportive family that are assured nothing will be done without their approval.
We ask people now to really get this show on the road.
Contact ourselves here;
The Newry/Armagh Prisoners support group;
or write to
Secretary Repatriate Michael Campbell Campaign
3 Carnagat Park
It is vital now to get this moving. The case has been made. Lets Go!!
Use of children to glorify violence disgraceful says MP
THE use of primary school children dressed in paramilitary uniform and marching in military formation to lead a dissident republican parade has been ccondemned as ” disgraceful “. There were calls for the children’s commissioner to investigate after three boys were dressed in berets, dark glasses and black gloves at a North Belfast Easter commemoration.
After the boys led the parade to a Fianna mural in Ardoyne a gunman emerged from the crowd and fired shots into the air. Na Fianna hEireann is the youth wing of the IRA. Several hundred people attended the parade organised by Republican Network for Unity (RNU) and the Henry Joy McCracken flute band. North Belfast DUP MP Nigel Dodds said it was ” disgraceful to see children being used to glorify paramilatary activites and violence “. ” This is highly inappropraite and I would call on the children’s commissioner and the revevant ahthorites to investigate this incident thoroughly,” he said. RNU spokesman Ciaran Cunningham said the group – which recently announced it was considering standing candidates in future elections – had helped to orginise the march but distanced himself from the involvment of the children. ” The Fianna parade is now in its third year and while RNU and Henry Joy McCracken band provided the plaque and help with some of the logistics required to orgainse such an avent the cosmetic pageantry wuold not be a matter for us and would be a oganised at a local level,” he said. Nigel Dodds said : ” My party ccolleagues and I will be pursuing these matters with the police and will be asking serious questions about the flagrant promotion of criminality and terrorism. ” Given that this parade and wreath laying were notified to the PSNI/RUC and to the Parades Commission what level of monitoring and observation did those authorities have in place ? ” In the light of what has occoured what actions will the PSNI/RUC and the Parades Commission be taking against the organisers ?
” I know absoulutely nothing about the shots being fired but will take no lectures from Nigel Dodds or any other member of his party that regularly particpates in events glorifying and encourging recruitment to the British Army,” he said. ” The bulk of armed men in Ardoyne on Saturday were members of the PSNI/RUC. ” We would not have been made aware of the finer details of the pageantry beforehand but I’m not going to start condemning people on the ground for what is a fairly minor thing.” $hame £ein assembly member Gerry Kelly cocondemned the firing of shots at Saturday’s parade. He said dissident republicians had been exploting parades ” as a cover to do other things “.
With many thanks to : Allison Morris, Irish News.
- Psni Probe Dissident Republican Gunman Video (belfastdaily.co.uk)
- Dup Delegation Meets Police Chief Over Gunfire at Dissident Republican Event (belfastdaily.co.uk)
- PSNI chief condemns actions of dissidents (irishtimes.com)
- Second Parade Protest Application ! (seachranaidhe1.wordpress.com)
- Masked gunman fires shots at parade in north Belfast (belfasttelegraph.co.uk)
- Dissidents Blamed for Bomb Blast ! (seachranaidhe1.wordpress.com)
Proposals will be examined next week.
A RREVIEW on proposals for the future of the final headquarters of the 1916 Provisional government will be presented to Dublin city councillors next week. The local authority ordered the review after a program by Irish-language TV station TG4 claimed the property developer Joe O’Reilly had received preferential treatment through a compulsory purchase order in 2006.
The claims prompted concerns about 14-17 Moore Street in central Dublin – properties associated with the 1916 Easter Raising’s final hours and designated a national monument. Mr O’Reilly’s company, Charted Lands, which has planning permission until 2017, has said it wants to transform the entire area into a €1.2 billion (£1bln) retail development frounting onto O’Connell Street. It’s proposals include establishing a €10m museum and recreating the interior of the four Moore Street buildings as they were when rebel leaders weref forced out of the GPO and ended up agreeing to surrender while based in 16 Moore Street. Several relatives of the rising leaders, including James Connolly‘s great-grandson James Connolly Heron, have said the museum would be dwarfed by the rest of the developent and that the entire terrace on Moore Street should be protected as a historic cultural quarter.
They have claimed that recent emergency stabilisation works carried out on the buildings show they are in danger of collapse and urgently need to be preserved. A cross-party advisory committee set up by Dublin City Council last year has compleated its review and is reportedly seeking greater protection for 14-17 Moore Street. However, the eight councillors ‘ recommendations, which will be considered on Monday, are understood to fall short of seeking the entie street’s preservation. The committee is also beleived to want the authorities to prevent the developer from demolishing any parts of the four buildings including rear yards and walls. It expected that they will urge heritage minister Jimmy Deenihan, who has the final say, to order an assessment on the preservation of other areas including laneways used when rebels evacuated the GPO. Separate to the councillors ‘ reveiw, the public have until April 24 to make submissions in relation to an enviornmental impact statement relating to the proposed development of Moors Street. Submissions or observations may be lodged with the Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht. The impact statement can be inspected at the department’s offices in the Custom House, Dublin 1 and at Dublin City Council’s Civic Offices on Wood Quay, Dublin 8. The minister has said he will decide whether to place a presrvation order on the four buildings after the statement is compleated.
With many thanks to : Valerie Robinson ( Southern Correspondent ), Irish News.
- Irsp Easter Statement 2013 (thefivedemands.org)
- Interview with Adrian Dunbar on his move from acting to direction, 1916/2016, the Gathering and 16 Moore Street… (cedarlounge.wordpress.com)
- The Swede and Finn Who Fought For Ireland in the GPO, 1916 (knowthyplace.wordpress.com)
- Monday’s Magical Moment: O’connell Street, Dublin (emmmyjaysexcellentadventures.com)
BBin blast as police probe ‘ illegal parade ‘ reports
DISSIDENTS have been blamed for planting a bomb which eexploded without warning while police investigated reports of an illegal Republican parade.
The blast occurred in the Kilwilkie estate in Lurgan, Co Armagh, at about 3pm on Saturday as masked republicans in paramilitary uniform held an Easter commemoration in St Colman’s cemetery. Masked Continuity IRA members marched from thr estate to the graveyard watched by a British army helicopter and police. Two armoured police Land Rovers were parked close to the scene of the explosion. Shrapnel and debris were scattered over a large distence but officers inside the vehicles were uninjured. The device, described by police as crude, detonated inside a litter bin on Levin Road as a crowd gathered to hear a spokesman for the republican faction give a speech which called $hame £ein ” traitors “. Wearing a green army-style jersey, black gloves and beret, sunglasses and with his face covered by a scarf, the spokesman spoke into into a microphone to praise republican prisoners as ” an inspiration “.
Hours after the blast detectives from the PSNI/RUC’s serious crime branch arrested a 46-year-old man in Lurgan in connection with the attack. He was questioned at Antrim Police Station but was released without charge last night. Early yesterday youths in Kilwilkie threw petrol bombs at police patrols. Saturday’s bomb went off close to Lake Street – the scene of intense and sporadic rioting in recent years. It is also the area where the republican splinter group is beleived to have launched high-profile attacks in recent years. Chief Inspector Anthony McNally said : ” We want to reassure the community that we will not be deterred by this attack by individuals intent on dragging us back into the past.” $inn £ein Upper Bann MLA John O’Dowd said the attack was an attemt to kill police. ” ” These so-called dissidents need to come out and explain exactly why they are doing this. The planting of this device along a busy road on one of the busiest days of the year was not only callous – it was stupid,” he said. Deputy First Minister Martin McGuinness condemned the attack during his Easter oration to republicans in Dublin. He branded those responsable anti-peace process militarible. Alliance MLA Trevor Lunn said most people would be ” outraged ” by the attack.
With many thanks to : Andrea McKernon, Irish News.
- Dissident Ex-prisoner Has Release License Revoked (seachranaidhe1.wordpress.com)
- Murder Bid Probe on Police in Lurgan Bin Bomb Blast (belfastdaily.co.uk)
- DISSIDENTS BLAMED FOR PAINT-BOMB ATTACK ON McGUINNESS’S DERRY HOME (seachranaidhe1.wordpress.com)
- Lurgan bin ambush could have killed anyone, say police (belfasttelegraph.co.uk)
- Dissident groups ‘outdo each other’ (bbc.co.uk)
The Actual Gun Used by Countess Markievicz Who led Cumann Na mBan(The Womens Brigade) in the Easter Rising, 1916.
JUST FOUND OUT NEWS ABOUT THAT GUN ~
Countess Markievicz aims the Smith & Wesson revolver circa 1911, above. Below: George Mealy, of Mealy’s Auctioneers, Co Kilkenny, with the gun and an Irish Citizen Army uniform. Bottom: the Con Deere medal, a historical artefact from the Easter 1916 Rising. Dolans Art Auction House/Dylan Vaughan
SHE was the State’s first female minister and now there is proof that 1916 leader Constance Markievicz was also a crack shot.
A target card bearing two bullseye hits and a .32 small Smith & Wesson handgun once owned by the ‘Rebel Countess‘ will go under the hammer later this month as part of a cache of rare historical items associated with the 1916 Easter Rising.
The quirky items are among hundreds expected to spark the interest of historians, collectors and museums when they go up for auction at the Independence sale on April 19 at Adam’s Auction House, St Stephen’s Green, Dublin.
The revolver was passed down through the family of Jim (Seamus) Babington — from the 3rd Tipperary Brigade of the IRA, one of the infamous flying columns during the Civil War.
“The gun was given as a gift to Jim Babington just months after 1916 and (the countess’s) involvement,” explained George F Mealy, from Kilkenny-based Mealy’s auctioneers, which is also involved in the sale.
Nestled among Mr Babington’s archives were the gun and a note in Countess Markievicz’s own handwriting accepting an invitation to visit Tipperary in 1917.
The role of the countess — who went on to become the State’s first female minister — in the struggle for independence has captured the imagination of people worldwide.
The countess, whose former family home was Lissadell House in Sligo, took up a leadership role in the Easter Rising at the Citizen Army post at St Stephen’s Green.
It’s also been said she shot at least one British officer as they advanced. The countess, who often campaigned on behalf of the poor, was sentenced to death along with the other leaders in the Rising but was later released under an amnesty.
Three hundred thousand people thronged the streets for her funeral at which Eamon de Valera gave the oration after she fell ill and died in a public hospital ward in 1927.
Dr Niall Dolan, the founder of Dolan’s Art Auction House, recently sold a photograph of Constance Markievicz aiming a gun similar to the one up for auction later this month.
Mr Mealy said files collected by Mr Babington revealing insights into how the brigade operated will spark the interest of historians.
“It contains original drawings and manuscripts on how to derail trains and drawings for ambushes,” Mr Mealy explained.
The file is expected to fetch between €4,000 and €6,000, while the gun is more modestly priced with an estimation of between €700 and €900.
The National Museum already has four weapons which belonged to the countess. These include a pistol which she kissed before surrendering at the College of Surgeons in 1916 to Major de Courcey Wheeler, a relation.
An item expected to earn more than €100,000 is a rare copy of the 1916 Proclamation of Independence — the founding document of the Irish Republic.
“There has been interest from everyone in the Independence auction over the years,” he said. “The majority of the items are fresh and have never been seen before.”
Another original uniform, this time we can see the skirt.
Original uniform with some newspapers.
An original uniform
Rose McGuiness 1916
Rose McNamara a Cumann na mBan leader.
Cumman Na mBAN circa 1916.
Also noted standing on a British flag.
Countess Markievicz with a group of Cumman Na mBAN.
Plaque (Photo credit: Edwinek)